Newsletter 04/2019, Iss. 01

The Green Cooling Initiative - promoting green cooling worldwide!

Welcome to the first Green Cooling Initiative Newsletter of 2019!



Dear Readers,

We look back on some eventful months for Proklima and are happy to share the latest Green Cooling news with you via this Newsletter!

We are pleased to share the first Green Cooling Initiative (GCI) newsletter issue of 2019 with you! The first months of 2019 has seen various activities to promote sustainable cooling technologies all around the globe. We are excited to present events from Colombia, France, Germany, Ghana, Indonesia, Iran or Kenya, underlining our commitment to transform current RAC sectors towards alternative and environmentally friendly cooling technologies.

Furthermore, the Latin American and Caribbean network of the GCI was officially launched: Members of 17 countries met in Costa Rica to exchange experiences with the use of environmentally friendly refrigerants in industrial applications. It involved close interaction between technical experts and political decision-makers on how to move towards green cooling technologies.

This GCI newsletter issue also features the “Mum’s Vaccination Tool” project. MVT is part of GIZ’s 2018 Innovation Fund and aims at improving immunization rates in hard-to-reach settings where access to stable cooling solutions remains a challenge. Complementing solar-powered vaccine coolers of the SolarChill project, MVT supports local health workers in delivering quality vaccination services to remote communities.

Our diverse and worldwide commitment to promoting green cooling would not have been possible without our reliable and long-standing partners. We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone for their cooperation and are already looking forward to the upcoming promising projects.

We wish you happy Easter holidays!

Kind regards,

Nika Greger, GCI Project Manager

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If you missed one of the previous newsletters you can download it from our archive.

Recent Activities

Latin America and the Caribbean: stronger, better, towards Green Cooling!

GIZ Proklima organized a "Technology Roadshow on Natural Refrigerants" and the "1st Regional Meeting of the Green Cooling Initiative Network" in San José, Costa Rica, from March 25-28, 2019. Around 50 participants of the Ozone Units and the private sector from 18 countries participated in this event focused on strengthening of the region as a group with a clear vision towards sustainable cooling solutions.

The Ozone Officers attended a 2-day Training on negotiation skills using the Harvard method, where the necessity of a stronger voice of the region as a whole came into light in several situations. The private sector representatives and the Ozone Officers visited different RAC technology systems that use natural refrigerants, such as R290 Chillers and split ACs, R290 and NH3/CO2 industrial refrigeration systems, CO2 supermarket refrigeration systems, and others.

During the last day, we officially initiated the Regional Network of the Green Cooling Initiative for Latin America and the Caribbean. This space facilitated the exchange on green cooling technology and policy between experts and decision makers of the region.

The events were cofinanced by the Green Cooling Initiative II (financed by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety BMU), SPODS - Sustainable and climate friendly Phase-out of Ozone-Depleting Substances (co-financed by the European Commission and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development BMZ), and 4E - Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency in Central America (also financed by BMZ).
Ozone Officers visiting Red de Rio during the Technology Roadshow in Costa Rica. Photo: © GIZ/Gianfranco Vivi

Ozone Officers visiting Red de Rio during the Technology Roadshow in Costa Rica. Photo: © GIZ/Gianfranco Vivi

Protecting the environment through end-of-life management of RAC appliances

GIZ Proklima and the Ozone Technical Unit (UTO) of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Colombia, carry out activities aimed at evaluating alternatives for the correct final management of the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) equipment and the refrigerant substances they contain. These include recovery of the refrigerant gas, disassembly of the equipment for the transformation and recovery of the extracted materials, and regeneration of the recovered refrigerant.

The operation of one of the regeneration centers of the National Refrigerant Recovery, Recycling and Regeneration Network of Colombia has been strengthened, increasing its capacity through a unit capable of regenerating refrigerant gas mixtures. You can learn more about this project in this video. In 2019, two industrial degassing machines will be donated to the post-consumer program of household appliances Red Verde, which will allow the recovery and separation ofoil and refrigerant gases contained in refrigerators more efficiently.

Thus, UTO and GIZ Proklima, through the project "Management and Destruction of ozone depleting substances in ODS banks", from the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety of Germany (BMU), seek to strengthen each of the stages that are part of the end-of-life management of refrigerant substances and RAC equipment, seeking to follow the foundations of the circular economy defined in Colombia's 9Rs, and achieving a significant reduction of the resulting emissions from the ODS and HFC banks.

Qualification & Certification standards for the Kenyan RAC sector

On April 4th 2019, Kenya’s National Ozone Unit of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry together with GIZ’s Green Cooling Initiative kicked off a multi-stakeholder workshop to establish a Qualification, Certification & Registration (QCR) scheme for the refrigeration & air-conditioning (RAC) sector in Kenya. The QCR scheme aims to support a sustainable transformation of the Kenyan RAC sector towards green cooling technologies.

The RAC sector contributes significantly to Kenya’s CO2 emissions and its damaging environmental effects. To mitigate the effects of ozone depleting substances & CO2 emissions from low energy efficient appliances, the Green Cooling Initiative supports Kenya’s efforts to introduce green cooling technologies. The introduction of RAC units running on natural refrigerants, which are more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly, come with certain challenges.

The safe & efficient handling of natural refrigerants requires specific theoretical & practical training for installation, maintenance, servicing and operation. A QCR scheme to standardize competences for skilled technicians is important to guarantee a sustainable uptake of green cooling technologies. The QCR workshop in Nairobi involved stakeholders from government, training institutions and the industry. An integrated process across sectors will strengthen the design, implementation and enforcement of the scheme to support a sustainable green cooling transformation in Kenya.
Participants at the QCR kick-off workshop in Nairobi © GIZ Proklima

Participants at the QCR kick-off workshop in Nairobi © GIZ Proklima

Accelerating access to Green Cooling through harnessing synergies between the Kigali Amendment and the Paris Agreement

At a side event held during the African Carbon Forum and attended by over 70 participants, GIZ Proklima and Perspectives Climate Group raised awareness on the importance of the cooling sector for both implementation of the Paris Agreement (PA) under the United Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as well as the Kigali Amendment (KA) under the Montreal Protocol.

Axel Michaelowa (Perspectives Climate Group) pointed out how early HFC mitigation action generated through market mechanisms of the PA can mobilize a significant long-term mitigation potential. Through mitigating HFCs before the baseline years of the KA, a “baseline shaving” effect will kick-in: baseline levels will be lower in the respective countries at their time of monitoring under the KA.

El Hadji Mbaye Diagne (Afrique Énergie Environnement) emphasized the importance of the RAC sector for African countries and affirmed the opportunities,  which cooperation under the Paris mechanisms offers for early action. Joseph Baffoe of the Environmental Protection Agency in Ghana presented a concrete example of the challenges and opportunities associated with building a robust inventory of the RAC sector.

Further reading:
Michaelowa, Axel; Espelage, Aglaja; Hoch, Stephan; Acosta, Mariana (2018): Interaction between Art.6 of the Paris Agreement and the Montreal Protocol/Kigali Amendment, Discussion Paper, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Eschborn.

Strengthening cooperation with Iran & progress on curbing the use of counterfeit refrigerants

In January 2019, GIZ Proklima was invited to the Iranian Green Industry Ceremony in Tehran to hold a speech and to congratulate award winners for their environment friendly measures. Furthermore, a kick-off workshop for the introduction of reusable cylinders was held to prevent the use of counterfeit refrigerants.

During the Green Industry Ceremony members of the industry were honored for their environmental contributions in their factories. Together with Head of the Department of Environment (DOE), Dr. Kalantari, and his Deputy Dr. Tajrishi, the need for multilateral collaboration to tackle climate change was emphasized. At the same time, national contributions in order to comply with the sustainable development goals (SDGs) were highlighted.

One of the huge sources for greenhouse gas emissions in the Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning (RAC) sector are refrigerants in single-use cylinders which are discharged into the atmosphere. On 23rd of January, a workshop on the introduction of refillable cylinders with 42 participants was held. The current impact on Iran’s HCFC phase-out compliance and refrigeration quality improvement, the value chain of refrigerant cylinders as well as feasibility, design and manufacturing of re-usable refrigerant cylinders was presented and discussed. The introduction of refillable cylinders will enhance monitoring of HCFC consumption and the control of counterfeit refrigerants.
GIZ Proklima & stakeholders at the workshop to promote the introduction of reusable refrigerant cylinders in Tehran ©GIZ Proklima

GIZ Proklima & stakeholders at the workshop to promote the introduction of reusable refrigerant cylinders in Tehran ©GIZ Proklima

Towards a XPS sector transformation in China - Study tour in Germany and Switzerland

In mid-December 2018, 5 experts from China participated in a study tour in Germany and Switzerland. During the tour, several  companies were visited to get a better insight into the European XPS (extruded polystyrene) market, the recent developments as well as to receive valuable information for the following HCFC Phase-Out Management Plan (HPMP) II activities in terms of alternative extrusion and boards bonding technology.

The tour was organized by GIZ Proklima, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as part of the Chinese XPS foam sector plan under the Montreal Protocol, which runs from 2016 to 2026 with the target to completely phase-out all HCFCs (R22 and R142b) in the sector.

Participants of this study tour were partners from the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office in the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE/FECO) and technical Experts from the Beijing Technology and Business University (BTBU) and the Petrochemical Research Institute. The main topics during the different company visits have been mixing technologies, melt cooler, alternative blowing agents and mixtures, extrusion systems (single and tandem configurations), thermal bonding of XPS-boards, product and building standards and their certification in Europe and overarching quality of XPS foam, as well as trends in this sector in Europe. The gained information will be taken into account in the decision-making process for upcoming demonstration projects. The study tour will be followed-up by a workshop on XPS in China in April 2019.
Chinese XPS experts and GIZ Proklima staff pose for a quick photograph after visiting the GIZ office in Eschborn, Germany. Photo: © GIZ Proklima

Chinese XPS experts and GIZ Proklima staff pose for a quick photograph after visiting the GIZ office in Eschborn, Germany. Photo: © GIZ Proklima

GIZ Proklima at the United for Efficiency Twinning workshop

During a two-day workshop on 21st & 22nd February 2019, UN Environment’s United for Efficiency (U4E) invited energy efficiency experts and National Ozone Officers from over 140 countries to discuss challenges and opportunities of improving the energy efficiency of cooling devices in the context of the Kigali Amendment. GIZ Proklima contributed with a module on capacity-building and end-of-life management.

Together with the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC), GIZ Proklima conducted a module on “Capacity-building needs & opportunities for processing old equipment and servicing new alternatives”, focusing on safety issues related to the transition to low-GWP refrigerants and the necessity to establish a corresponding training and qualification scheme as well as proper waste management.

The “Twinning Workshop” was organised in conjunction with the regional network meetings of National Ozone Units, and funded by the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (KCEP). The focus of the workshop was on assessing challenges and identifying opportunities to improve the energy efficiency of refrigerators and air conditioners amidst the refrigerant transition required by the Montreal Protocol and to strengthen regional cooperation.
GIZ Proklima & IIEC present needs for capacity-building & end-of-life management of RAC appliances at U4E Twinning Workshop in Paris. Photo: © GIZ Proklima

GIZ Proklima & IIEC present needs for capacity-building & end-of-life management of RAC appliances at U4E Twinning Workshop in Paris. Photo: © GIZ Proklima

Perspectives on the market uptake of R290 split ACs

The German trade journal for refrigeration and air conditioning “Kälte, Klima Aktuell” published in its last edition an interview (available in German) about the prospects of R290 split ACs in Europe and worldwide. In efforts to reduce the climate impact of air conditioners, R290 split AC units present a valuable option. Training of technicians, implementation of adapted standards and end-user targeted information policy are essential for the worldwide rollout of this technology.

In this interview, Philipp Munzinger, project manager with GIZ Proklima, highlights the rising need for low-GWP alternatives for room air conditioning with regards to national and international regulations on F-gases. Providing insights of the successful market introduction of R290 split ACs in India, Mr. Munzinger suggests large potential for replication in other countries. He calls on the manufacturers to take the next steps in preparing the servicing infrastructure and marketing the new product.

Furthermore, Meinolf Gringel, the head of the RAC testing facility from engineering firm DMT Group, was interviewed about his practical experiences of installing and servicing a R290 split AC demo unit. He urges the RAC industry to implement the already adopted technical standards. Both experts underline that the proper training and certification of AC technicians are the key to the safe use of flammable refrigerants in AC technology.

Safe and energy-efficient use of Green Chillers demonstrated in Indonesia

In Indonesia, energy monitoring results prove that the locally produced R290 cooling systems achieve a more than 30% higher energy-efficiency compared to the replaced old systems. These hydrocarbon pilot systems have already been successfully audited and certified with view to its safety compliance by German auditors.

Ranging from air-cooled and water-cooled chillers to packaged AC unit, each system is equipped with monitoring devices to measure the energy performance during operation. The assessment highlights significant electricity savings for the operator and shows great potential in supporting the Government of Indonesia in reducing the greenhouse gas emissions in the related subsector.

On behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Green Chillers NAMA project jointly implemented by the Directorate General of New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (EBTKE) and GIZ support the advancement of framework conditions for the deployment of more efficient AC and process chillers. Seven pilot projects for demonstration and training purposes have been commissioned so far.
Green Chiller at University of Indonesia in Depok © GIZ Green Chillers

Green Chiller at University of Indonesia in Depok © GIZ Green Chillers

Cool climate action in Colombia

The NAMA Support Project (NSP) for Colombian domestic refrigeration was officially launched. The NSP, implemented jointly by the Ozone Technical Unit (UTO), the Colombian Ministry of Environment and GIZ, aims to catalyse transformational change in the domestic refrigeration industry in Colombia.

The objectives of the NSP focus on the substitution of low energy efficient fridges, the transformation of production lines, as well as the development of an adequate waste disposal infrastructure. An estimated 1.3million people will benefit from the substitution of 300,000 fridges, which will generate life-time emission savings of 13.7 Mt CO2eq. These emission savings account for approximately 7% of the total emissions from thermal electricity generation in Colombia in the next 20 years.

For Leidy Suarez, chief coordinator of UTO, the project “on the one hand, will contribute significantly to Colombia’s Montreal Protocol commitments and its 2030 GHG emission reduction goals; while on the other hand, from an economic point of view, the project will also help transform the productive sector in Colombia through helping its domestic refrigeration industry achieve higher energy efficiency in its products”.

Special Feature

Mum’s Vaccination Tool – Strengthening last mile health services

In February 2019, the team of “Mum’s Vaccination Tool” (MVT) visited communities and health facilities in remote areas in Kenya. MVT is part of GIZ’s 2018 Innovation Fund, which aims to promote data-driven solutions for sustainable development. MVT supports health workers to increase immunization rates in hard-to-reach communities by improving the management of vaccination services.

1 out of 5 children still lack full immunization today. Access to quality health services is still a major issue in remotes areas in less-developed countries. A group of passionate innovators from GIZ Proklima, GIZ PROFILE, the SolarChill project, a pediatrician from Germany & a medical doctor from Naikarra Health dispensary in Kenya, are developing an app to support health workers plan & conduct vaccination services. With the installation of solar-powered, environmentally friendly vaccine refrigerators to ensure availability of quality vaccines, the development of the MVT app aims to improve the delivery of vaccination services to local communities.

Together with 5 fellow teams, MVT was chosen among more than 100 projects to take part in the 7-month Accelerator program of GIZ’s 2018 Innovation Fund. Guided by a human-centered design approach, the MVT team has conducted user research, tested prototypes and developed a Minimal Viable Product (MVP) from the initial project proposal. The final MVPs will be pitched to the Innovation Fund jury on May 22nd 2019.

Follow MVT on Twitter @MVT_InnoFund
Delivering vaccinations with support of the MVT app. Photo: © Simon Mischel

Delivering vaccinations with support of the MVT app. Photo: © Simon Mischel

Upcoming Events

  • Cool Training for NOUs, Maintal, Germany, 06 – 10 May 2019

  • Cool training for RAC experts and trainers, Maintal, Germany, 05 - 16 August 2019

  • Innovate4Climate (I4C): global event on climate finance, climate investment and climate markets including clean cooling. Singapore, 04 - 07 June 2019

  • ATMOsphere America, Atlanta, USA, 17 - 18 June 2019

  • 41st OEWG, Bangkok, Thailand, 01 - 05 July 2019

GCI Newsletter Team

Christopher Jaeger (chief editor); Leon Becker, Kathrin Hammes, Camilo Herrera Pena, Daniela Lassmann, Marcel Nitschmann, Sofia Nuernberger, Carolina Maria Velez Rincon (all editors)