Newsletter 10/2019, Iss. 02

Welcome to the Green Cooling Initiative Newsletter!


Dear readers,

It has been a while since the last newsletter was published. Meanwhile, the world kept moving: In September, we saw a record 7.6 million people take to the streets and strike for climate action. The biggest climate mobilization in history. In August, we became eyewitnesses of the burning Amazon and the most intense blazes for almost a decade. In July, Europe faced a period of exceptionally hot weather, setting all-time high temperature records in Belgium, Germany, France and many more countries.

Lately, the news seem to be a never-ending story of climate catastrophes and negativity. That is why we thought it is time to re-think communications about climate change: rather than focusing on the problems, we focus on solutions. The cooling industry is one of the sectors with the biggest potential to save emissions. These five points must be considered: Lowering the overall cooling demand, using natural refrigerants, increasing energy efficiency, skilled maintenance and effective ODS banks management.

Proklima projects work on improving all of those fields. And the circumstances are in our favour: The environmental consciousness is increasing worldwide. This paves the way for the transformation of the cooling sector. In this issue, we take a look at different projects aiming at a sustainable development in RAC. We would also like to take this opportunity to thank everyone for their cooperation and are already looking forward to upcoming promising projects.

Kind regards
Nika Greger, GCI Project Manager

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Recent Activities

Women in RAC: GIZ Proklima at first Women’s National Meeting of Refrigeration

With the objective of highlighting and stimulating female protagonism in the sector, the 1st National Meeting of Women of Heating, Ventilation, Air Condition and Refrigeration (HVACR) was held during the 21st FEBRAVA on September 12 in São Paulo, Brazil.

With 21 editions, Febrava considers itself the most important event in the HVAC-R chain in Latin America, covering every sector in this market. The Women's National Meeting, held exclusively by female specialists in the area, such as engineers, specialists of fluorochemicals, project managers and refrigeration technicians, shared experiences and knowledge in the field. Some lectures were "Good Practices in Refrigeration and Climatization" and "Women - Developing Successful Careers in the HVACR". The National Meeting was held by refrigeration women from Brazil.

The GIZ Project Proklima had also a space during the Women's National Meeting, where the project manager Stefanie von Heinemann addressed the topic "Global Overview of Refrigerant Use and Technical Capacity Building in Brazil". The lecture approached among other issues, all the work done so far by the Brazilian HCFC Phase Out Management Program (HPMP), which is qualifying thousands of refrigeration technicians throughout Brazil. All HPMP actions in Brazil are coordinated by the Ministry of Environment (MMA), which has GIZ technical support in the implementation.
GIZ Proklima at the first Women’s National Meeting of Refrigeration © GIZ Proklima

GIZ Proklima at the first Women’s National Meeting of Refrigeration © GIZ Proklima

Stronger together: Iran and giz Proklima celebrated 20 years of bilateral cooperation

When we open the fridge or turn on the air conditioning, we hardly think of the refrigerants inside the appliances and their impact on our planet. However, the cooling sector is 4 times more climate damaging than air traffic.

This is why giz Proklima is promoting the use of natural refrigerants that neither harm the climate nor the environment, but possess the same or better energy efficiency. Endorsing natural refrigerants and energy-efficient cooling appliances in Iran has been their ambition for more than 20 years. Since the project start in 1998, the I.R. of Iran and giz Proklima have carried out a variety of activities in the refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) and foam sector. Technology transfer and phasing out ozone depleting substances (ODS) are only two of them.

In September 2019, it was time to come together and celebrate this successful and long lasting partnership. Just in time with the World Ozone Day, the key players of this project gathered at the official ceremony in the Iranian capital Tehran. Among the guests were representatives from the UN and the Iranian government such as the deputy chief of the Department of Environment, Masoud Tajrishi, Proklima's program manager Bernhard Siegele and the German Ambassador, Michael Klor-Berchtold. Following the ceremony, the partners invited to a workshop on energy efficiency in the RAC sector.
Celebrating 20 years of successful bilateral cooperation ©GIZ/Talebi

Celebrating 20 years of successful bilateral cooperation © GIZ/Talebi

Ways towards a sustainable national MRV system for the cooling sector

Back-to-back with the Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) in Bangkok, a two-day workshop on inventories as well as a monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) systems in the RAC sector took place. 30 participants from 14 countries, comprising national ozone officers and focal points from respective departments for climate change or energy efficiency, learned about methodological approaches and discussed benefits and challenges for setting up a sector MRV system.

During the first day, the development and use of RAC greenhouse gas inventories were illustrated, including the exchange of hands-on experiences among the participants. So far, 14 countries worldwide have developed a comprehensive sector inventory with the support of GIZ Proklima. How to move from a one-time inventory to a continuous and institutionalized data collection was subject to the second day. Theoretical inputs tackled aspects related to the construction of a MRV system, which were further highlighted in a group work session. In addition, United for Efficiency (U4E), part of the UN Environment program, presented their work on a product registration database as integrated component of such a system.

To support the development of mitigation targets and mobilization of related funding, it is most important to undertake comprehensive stocktaking of the status-quo and enable the transparent monitoring of mitigation action. A sector MRV system not only facilitates to comply with the (inter-)national emission reporting requirements but also supports the design of suitable climate mitigation policies and allows to evaluate their effectiveness.

The workshop was organized by GIZ Proklima projects on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU): Cool Contributions Fighting Climate Change (C4), Green Cooling Initiative II (GCI II) and Management and Destruction of ozone depleting substances in ODS Banks.
Participants of the MRV workshop ©GIZ

Participants of the MRV workshop © GIZ

Kenya joins the rest of the world to celebrate the healing of the Ozone Layer

On 16th September 2019, Kenya joined the rest of the world in celebrating the "International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer". The theme '32 years and healing' marked over 3 decades of healing of the ozone layer.  

The Green Cooling Initiative (GCI) supported various activities of the day and highlighted GIZ PROKLIMAs cooperation with the kenyan government in protecting the ozone layer and adopting climate friendly technologies in line with the Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The National Ozone Unit (NOU) under the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and other key government Institutions, such as the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA), National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) and National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB), highlighted their various measures which resulted to countries collective effort towards the healing of the ozone layer.

The industry also showcased some of the natural refrigerants that are used as alternatives to Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS).  The Government Institutions and Industries have been collaborating with GIZ Proklima for over 10 years in adopting safe measures and practices for the protection of the ozone layer. Kenya is one of the four countries in Africa that carry out both vertical profile and total column of the ozone measurement. The day provided a perfect opportunity to look at how ozone layer measurement is done and why it is a key activity to a healthy environment.
Representatives of the Kenyan government inspecting natural refrigerants ©GIZ

Representatives of the Kenyan government inspecting natural refrigerants © GIZ Proklima

Revolution is underway in the Thai cooling sector

More and more companies switch their production lines to natural refrigerants. Producers, consumers, and the environment are all benefitting.

In a country with an average temperature of 30 degrees Celsius, it is not surprising that half of the electricity consumed comes from refrigeration and air conditioning (RAC) systems. Their electricity consumption alone accounts for 20% of the greenhouse gas emissions, while Thailand as a country strives to cope with the impacts of climate change. The country is only recently discovering a greener way of cooling and the enormous potential that lies in natural refrigerants.

For the past 3 years, the RAC NAMA Project has been promoting the use of natural refrigerants in domestic and commercial refrigerators, ACs and chillers. Tapping into both the demand and supply sides, the team has been supporting a number of Thai manufacturers with transitioning to natural refrigerants. The Sanden Intercool Group, Supreme CNB Corporation and Panasonic Appliances Cold Chain (Thailand) are now in the process of having their production lines converted.

"The sooner the market in South East Asia switches, the better it will be for preserving the environment and keeping the business within a sustainable level for the long-term.", says Alex Panas, Group Commercial Director of Sanden Intercool. "In the end, this will benefit all of us. The end-users, the society, the country itself. What the RAC NAMA Project is doing is an outstanding initiative."

With the contribution of the RAC NAMA fund, through a revolving fund and a sub-grant scheme, the company has been able to acquire state-of-the-art equipment necessary for the manufacture of hydrocarbon-based refrigerators and receives marketing and technical support to actively promote green refrigeration in the market. By 2022, Sanden Intercool Group aims to have all its ranges available with natural refrigerants. The company is targeting to supply at least 50%, or even 70%, of the units required in the Thai market with natural refrigerants in the next 2 years.
The Sanden Intercool Group is in the process of having their production lines converted ©GIZ Proklima

The Sanden Intercool Group is in the process of having their production lines converted © GIZ Proklima

Webinar on the environmentally-friendly disposal of cooling appliances

Under the E-Waste Webinar series of the BMZ sectoral programme "Concepts for sustainable solid waste management" and in cooperation with the "Solving the E-Waste Problem" (StEP) initiative, the ODS Banks project and core elements of the manual dismantling of refrigeration and air conditioning systems were presented on the 5th of September.

The target audience of the Webinar series were recycling companies and technicians from developing countries. Around 25 people took part in the webinar, representing Latin America, Asia and Africa. On behalf of Proklima, Miriam Frisch presented an introduction to ODS banks management and the related project at GIZ. She gave an overview of the problematics of ODS banks management, as well as the necessary framework conditions to secure a successful management.

The second part of the webinar was held by Rolf Huehren, a technical expert from HEAT. He presented the important technical considerations of WEEE management. Amongst them were the importance and advantages of end-of-life (EOL) management of other hazardous substances, the necessary equipment for WEEE management and an overview of processing stages of a refrigerant. He also explained how to manually dismantle RAC appliances, the further processing and separation of extracted components and the final disposal.

The seminar was well received, participants thanked for the insightful collaboration and asked many questions, ranging from technical aspects to general project information.

GIZ Proklima Hosts XPS Form Sector Workshop in China

On June 12th 2019, GIZ Proklima collaborated with the Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment's International Environmental Cooperation Center and UNIDO to organize a one-day XPS workshop in Beijing, China.

The main purpose of the workshop was to assist China with two objectives. The first objective is to meet the Montreal Protocol compliance target-reduction of HCFC consumption by 37.6 percent from the baseline by 2026. The second objective is to support the development of sustainable technology used to carry out the Montreal Protocol's industry phase-out target. Workshop attendees included European enterprises Berstoff, Promix and Bürkle as well as beneficiary companies of China HPMP Stage II funds. Also present were domestic extruder manufacturers and their suppliers, research institutes, and universities.

The workshop introduced relevant government regulations, management requirements for implementation, alternative extrusion configurations, current research and technology development results. Discussions focused on fostering cooperation between the Chinese and German XPS Form industries to search for alternative solutions for HCFC phase-out and to bring new industrial management ideas to China. The alternative, more efficient and therefore sustainable extrusion configuration proposed and discussed was a single extruder combined with a melt cooler instead of tandem extrusion configuration.
During the workshop, the development of sustainable technologies was discussed ©GIZ Proklima

During the workshop, the development of sustainable technologies was discussed © GIZ Proklima

The #RoadToClimateAction leads to South Korea

During its Global Programming Conference in August 2019 in Songdo, South Korea, the Green Climate Fund (GCF) highlighted the importance of climate action in the cooling sector.

Responding to the vastly growing cooling demand and related GHG emissions resulting from electricity use and refrigerants, the GCF plans to put forward an "area of concentration" specifically dedicated to Green cooling projects. This way, the Green Climate Fund could effectively complement to the HFC emissions reduction measures planned within the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol and its Multilateral Fund. Proklima's Philipp Munzinger presented ways to coordinate financing and configure projects accordingly. Related information can be found in related presentations at the GCF website and paper titled "Coordinated finance for sustainable refrigeration and air conditioning".
C4 Project coordinator Philipp Munzinger speaking about innovations in the cooling sector at the GCF conference © GIZ Proklima

C4 Project coordinator Philipp Munzinger speaking about innovations in the cooling sector at the GCF conference © GIZ Proklima

"Cool Training" series

¡Vivan los hidrocarburos!

Almost 50 refrigeration and air conditioning trainers from 10 countries took part in giz Cool Trainings on safe use of hydrocarbons, taking place in May and June 2019 in Costa Rica.

The three regional classes were focusing on R290 split AC and R600a refrigeration. Their specialty is the combination of both, theoretical and practical sessions including brazing and energy efficiency. The aim is to enable the participants to train other trainers or students on R290 split AC and R600a refrigeration in the future. The multiplication impact of such trainings in Costa Rica and other countries is estimated to be quite significant.

The training was organized by a range of giz projects such as C4 - Cool Contributions fighting Climate Change, 4E - Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Central America, HPMP Mexico and SPODS. The programme took place in cooperation with the national ozone unit of Costa Rica (DIGECA/MINAE) and the national training institute (INA), supported by UNDP.

The training is part of a series of study tours and training activities of giz Proklima. Fit4Splits and Fit4Ref are trainings for trainers (ToT) developed exclusively to strengthen local capacities on the safe use of natural refrigerants within local conditions. Further trainings are foreseen.
Almost 50 RAC technicians were trained during May and June in Costa Rica ©GIZ Proklima

Almost 50 RAC technicians were trained during May and June in Costa Rica © GIZ Proklima

Five successful Cool Trainings in Germany

With five trainings and over 60 participants in 2019 we have had another successful Cool Training year in Germany. Technicians, policymakers in the field of ozone and climate protection, RAC experts and trainers from 48 countries have successfully completed the Training on the safe use of natural refrigerants at BFS Maintal.

This year's highlights were another Training for National Ozone Units (NOUs) in Spanish and a Training for technicians in Portuguese. The "Cool Training" consists of a combination of theoretical and practical work focusing on the use of natural refrigerants, and involves field trips to innovative RAC enterprises in Germany. The training helps participants to gain a competitive edge over their peers by staying up-to-date on and working in accordance with current regulations and standards. By implementing and spreading their newly acquired skills in their home countries, they are promoting the use of green cooling technologies.

On behalf of the German BMZ, GIZ Proklima in cooperation with the Bundesfachschule Kälte-Klima-Technik (BFS) Vocational Training Centre organizes the "Cool Trainings" series in Maintal, Germany.
Some of the "coolest" technicians around ©GIZ Proklima

Some of the "coolest" technicians around © GIZ Proklima

Advancing technicians’ skills on HC-Refrigerants in Iranian Commercial Refrigeration Supermarkets

Under HPMP Stage II GIZ Proklima has successfully carried out two trainings on the safe application of hydrocarbon (HC) refrigerants in order to support the introduction of natural refrigerants as sustainable alternatives in local supermarkets.

Both trainings have been done in cooperation with the Iranian NOU and TVTO at ITC Karaj in Iran. Both groups did a 6-day training with a focus on basic refrigeration, brazing and the safe use of HC-Refrigerants. In total 34 professionals have been trained and the participants not only came from manufacturers in the commercial refrigeration sector but also from e.g. the Iranian refrigeration union and the TVTO. It was the first time that a training workshop of this kind was hold by an international trainer where participants did practical work with HC refrigeration systems.

For this training and the HPMP Stage II in Iran in general, GIZ Proklima developed and handed over a comprehensive technical handbook about the safe application of Hydrocarbons refrigerant (translated into Farsi) to the participants. This handbook will help the technicians to get even more familiar with the safe use of these flammable refrigerants and to ensure sustainability for the use of this new technology in Iran in the future.
Participants of the Cool Training in Iran ©GIZ Proklima

Participants of the Cool Training in Iran © GIZ Proklima

Tunisia is getting fit for natural refrigerants

GIZ Proklima organized a training session from 23 to 25 April 2019, in partnership with the National Ozone Unit within the National Agency of Environment Protection (ANPE). This session took place at the sectoral maintenance training centre in Nabeul for the benefit of 23 trainers from 6 sectoral vocational training centres (Tunis, Nabeul, Kairouan, Tabarka, Sfax et Djerba).

Through this training, participants were able to acquire know-how in the field of good practices for the recovery, recycling and regeneration (RRR) of refrigerants made of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS). In addition, the training focused on the use of natural refrigerants as alternatives to CFC, HCFC and HFC refrigerants. In this sense, it was an opportunity to train participants on safe handling and maintenance measures, safety standards as well as risk assessment and international legislation and standards related to the use of natural refrigerants.

This session follows a first session organized in February for the benefit of 28 trainers. Thus, the project will have strengthened the capacities of 51 Tunisian trainers on RRR good practices and the use of natural refrigerants. These sessions were organized with the support of ODS Bank Management Project funded by the German Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) through its International Climate Initiative (IKI).
The 23 trainers came from six sectoral vocational training centres ©GIZ Proklima

The 23 trainers came from six sectoral vocational training centres © GIZ Proklima

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GCI Newsletter Team

Julia Schabel (chief editor), Janna Breitfeld (co-chief editor), Nastaran Aleali, Leon Becker, Mouez Ben Chaabane, Juliet Cheruto, Philipp Denzinger, Verena Maas, Philipp Munzinger, Marcel Nitschmann, Sofia Nürnberger, Alireza Saadatfar, Sara Tanpitak, Ana Barbara Zanella (all editors)